Mental illnesses are not only incredibly hard to diagnose, but they can completely catch the afflicted off guard by developing at random times in one’s life. Someone can be completely symptom free for a good portion of their life, only to develop some form of mental illness in their 20’s, 30’s, 40’s, etc.

Can you imagine waking up one day to a world that you believe is real, but really isn’t? Many people with mental illness have to question their reality everyday. And there aren’t many ways to test for it; it’s often diagnosed based on self-reported symptoms.

So, as you can imagine, people often get diagnosed with depression, but are really suffering from some other type of disorder altogether. In fact, a study conducted in 2009 found that general practitioners could only correctly identify depression in about 47.3 percent of their cases.

Here are for common disorders that are often mistaken as depression:

People suffering from Type 2 diabetes may believe that they are simply suffering from depression as they can share many of the same symptoms, like loss of weight, irritability, and fatigue. Unfortunately, problems with insulin resistance have been significantly correlated to depression, making it even harder to properly diagnose.

It’s also been found that people with diabetes develop quite a bit of stress in response to their condition. So, instead of their symptoms being caused by depression, it is actually the stress they are suffering from due to their chronic illness that is causing the depression-like symptoms. Bottom line: if you have a chronic illness and are suffering depression-like symptoms, it’s likely the illness that is causing you to ruminate.

Bipolar Disorder
While depression and bipolar disorder both have people suffering from incredibly sad, “low” periods of time in their lives, those with bipolar disorder also ride extreme “highs” in life.

People with bipolar disorder can mistake their condition for depression during their lows, as they feel completely hopeless, worthless and in extreme cases, suicidal. These are often followed up by periods of extreme highs where they’re feeling confident, motivated and happy with their life.

One study published in The British Journal of Psychiatry reports that almost 22 percent of people with bipolar are misdiagnosed with depression.

Thyroid hormone is vital to achieving proper functionality in both the body and the brain, meaning that if it becomes disrupted in any way, a variety of different symptoms can start to occur. These include fatigue, inability to focus, and feeling “low”; all symptoms that can also be said of depression.

Thyroid disease is fairly common, with about 20 million Americans having some form of it. However, about 60 percent of them have no idea that they have thyroid disease, as they often mistake it for depression. The main difference between the two is that people with hypothyroidism are very sensitive to cold temperatures or feel cold most of the time.

A simple blood test will determine if your thyroid gland is not functioning properly.

Chronic fatigue syndrome
This condition, which is also called myalgic encephalomyelitis or systemic exertion intolerance disease, is marked by extreme fatigue, inability to concentrate, muscle pains and troubles sleeping--all of which seem to have no apparent cause, and are symptoms related to depression. This combination often leads to this condition being misdiagnosed as depression.

Published in The Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry,one study discovered that over 80 percent of people who have this condition are under-diagnosed, instead being treated as having depression.

The biggest difference between these two is that people with depression become uninterested in their hobbies and passions, while those with chronic fatigue syndrome will still want to do their routine activities and interests, even though they do not have the energy to do so.

h/t Psychology Today

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This Unique Spanish Home Was Built Under a Rolling Hill and Is Completely Eco-Friendly

You wouldn’t know there was a home resting inside of this rolling hillside were it not for the roof sloping downward over a parked car and bicycles. Known as the Live Garden House, this vaulted home was built into a hillside and features traditional construction techniques practiced in Zaragoza, Spain.

Spanish designers sought to create a fully sustainable home that used locally-sourced materials for its construction. They achieve their vision with this zero-energy structure that lets in natural sunlight, has a natural ventilation system and features a rainwater collection system.

All of its sustainable features are made even better by placing them underneath an undulating green roof (which has plants and vegetation growing on top of it). Not only does the home look beautiful inside, it fits in perfectly with the surrounding landscape.

And the inside is just as welcoming and serene as the outside. Take a look for yourself!

h/t Inhabitat

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The REAL Reason Barns Are Usually Red

Almost every barn I’ve ever seen has been red, and I never knew why. I mean, I love red as a color, but it never really made any sense why every single barn I’ve ever come across had to be red. There are so many other colors to choose from!

The real reason barns are painted red actually has nothing to do with color preference, and everything to do with practicality.

When the very first New England settlers were building farms, many of them lacked the necessary funds to paint their buildings. However, they still needed a way to protect their barns’ wood from the elements, so they came up with their own solution to the problem: by mixing skim milk, lime, and red iron oxide, they successfully created a plastic-like substance that they could coat their farm buildings with to protect them.

Eventually, paint manufacturers would mix in chemical pigment and red was the favorite due to how cheap it was. And, as with many things in this world, people never sought to change it. So, red was how it began and red is how it has stayed.

h/t Business Insider

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Professor Who Predicted Donald Trump Becoming President Has a New Prediction: Impeachment

Image via: Max Goldberg from USA - Trump CAUCUS

Allan Lichtman, a professor at American University, has gained quite a bit of notoriety over the years as he’s successfully predicted the outcome of every presidential election to date, starting in 1984. He correctly predicted the Donald Trump would win the 2016 election and is now making another prediction: Donald Trump will be impeached.

"Now, he focuses on the 45th President of the United States and his next forecast, that it is not a question of if President Trump will be impeached, but a question of when," said Shelby Meizlik, spokesperson for HarperCollins.

In fact, Lichtman has written a book stating his argument for why Trump should be impeached. The Case for Impeachment is being published by Dey Street Books and will release to the public on April 18th.

Lichtman made the prediction that Trump would be impeached alongside his prediction that he would be elected and his book will go into detail as to why.

Lichtman told the Washington Post this past September:

"I'm going to make another prediction. This one is not based on a system; it's just my gut. They don't want Trump as president, because they can't control him. He's unpredictable. They'd love to have Pence — an absolutely down-the-line, conservative, controllable Republican. And I'm quite certain Trump will give someone grounds for impeachment, either by doing something that endangers national security or because it helps his pocketbook."

It certainly seems as though there is a strong case for impeachment, especially when considering Trump's Russian connections and the multitude of conflicts of interests surrounding his businesses, as Lichtman argues.

Do you think Lichtman’s fortune-telling capabilities will ring true once again?

h/t Time

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6 Bizarrely Beautiful Houseplants You've Probably Never Heard Of

Houseplants are a great addition to any home as not only do they bring a clean, fresh aesthetic to the space, they also help improve air quality. If you’ve ever wanted to bring plants into your home, but think that they’re kind of boring or not worth the effort, try out one of these bizarre houseplants that are anything but boring.

Mix it up a little with these six houseplants that are beautiful, but also a little strange.

Euphorbia Caput-Medusae
Succulents a great option for everyone who’s looking for a low-maintenance plant. They only need watering about once a week and even just once a month during the winter months. The type of succulent shown here is referred to as “Medusa’s Head,” a moniker taken on because of its likeness to the Greek monster with snakes for hair. It is native to South Africa.

The Trachyandra also looks as if it’s some type of snake plant, or maybe silly-string growing out of the ground. This plant is real and you can find it in Eastern and Southern Africa.

If you’ve ever wanted a plant that looks somewhat like it has antlers, grab a Platycerium. This plant, which is often called the “Staghorn Fern”, can even grow on the side of things, such as trees or walls.

Gentiana Urnula
These beautifully-patterned succulents are known as “Starfish Succulents” and are at home in the rocks. These are also a perfect option for those seeking low-maintenance plants.

Sedum Morganianum
These crazy looking plant is often called “Donkey Tail” and its stems regularly grow up to two feet in length. Its leaves are normally a bluish-green and it is native to Mexico and Honduras.

Haworthia Cooperi
This plant looks like some type of glass flower or maybe even some type of gelatin, but these clumps you see here are actually green leaves that simply look as though they’re something else.

h/t Woman's Day

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